High-level nuclear waste issues

hearings before the Subcommittee on Nuclear Regulation of the Committee on Environment and Public Works, United States Senate, One hundredth Congress, first session, April 23; June 2, 3, and 18, 1987
  • 828 Pages
  • 0.29 MB
  • English
U.S. G.P.O., For sale by the Supt. of Docs., Congressional Sales Office, U.S. G.P.O. , Washington
Radioactive waste disposal in the ground -- United States, Radioactive waste sites -- United States, Nuclear power plants -- Waste disposal -- United St
Other titlesHigh level nuclear waste issues
SeriesS. hrg -- 100-209
The Physical Object
Paginationv, 828 p. : ill., maps ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14281789M

Two federal agencies—the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and DOE—are primarily responsible for the regulation and disposal of the nation's spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of directed DOE to investigate candidate sites for disposing of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste.

Uncertainty Underground is the first effort to review the uncertainties in the analysis of the long-term performance of the proposed repository at Yucca Mountain.

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The book does not pass judgment on the suitability of the site but provides reliable science-based information to support open debate and inquiry into its s from the.

But the full title of the book dispels any notion of pop culture or my feeble attempt at being a smart-ass: 'Too Hot To Touch: The Problem of High-Level Nuclear Waste'.

1) Well-written, well-organized, even-handed, and extremely well-documented/5(20). Too Hot to Touch: The Problem of High-Level Nuclear Waste - Kindle edition by Alley, William M., Alley, Rosemarie.

Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Too Hot to Touch: The Problem of High-Level Nuclear by: High-level waste (HLW) is a type of nuclear waste created by the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel.

It exists in two main forms: First and second cycle raffinate and other waste streams created by nuclear reprocessing.; Waste formed by vitrification of liquid high-level waste.; Liquid high-level waste is typically held temporarily in underground tanks pending vitrification.

Suggested Citation: " 5 Societal Issues in Radioactive Waste Management." National Research Council. Disposition of High-Level High-level nuclear waste issues book and Spent Nuclear Fuel: The Continuing Societal and Technical Challenges. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / Placing high-level radioactive waste (HLW) in a deep geological.

As Congress outlined in the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of (NWPA), as amended, the role of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is to serve as the independent regulator for the design, construction, operation, and eventual decommissioning of a geologic repository for permanent disposal of high-level waste (HLW) at Yucca Mountain.

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES. National Academy of Sciences. National Academy of Engineering.

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Institute of Medicine. National Research Council. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use.

of high-level nuclear waste and select the disposal option they think is best. Rationale By investigating nuclear waste and the issues surrounding its disposal, students recognize that disposing of nuclear waste is a difficult problem and that choosing a disposal option involves judging its risks and assessing its advantages and problems.

Materials. High-level radioactive wastes are the highly radioactive materials produced as a byproduct of the reactions that occur inside nuclear reactors.

High-level wastes take one of two forms: Spent (used) reactor fuel when it is accepted for disposal. Waste materials remaining after spent fuel is reprocessed.

Spent nuclear fuel is used fuel from a. The safe management of nuclear and radioactive wastes is a subject that has recently received considerable recognition due to the huge volume of accumulative wastes and the increased public awareness of the hazards of these wastes.

This book aims to cover the practice and research efforts that are currently conducted to deal with the technical difficulties in different radioactive.

A few years later, the United States Congress thought they had solved both problems by passing the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act ofwhich established a network of regional compacts for low-level radioactive waste disposal, and by passing the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of to set out how a final resting place for high-level.

--John H. Gibbons, Assistant to the President for Science and Technology (), & " If you want to understand the full range of technical issues related to Yucca Mountain and nuclear waste--from rainwater flow through the mountain to corrosion of nuclear waste containers and the consequent movement of radioactive material to Nevada's.

The Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) is a specialised agency within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), an intergovernmental organisation of industrialised countries, based in Paris, France.

The mission of the NEA is to assist its Member countries in maintaining and further developing, through international co-operation, the scientific. High-level radioactive waste management concerns how radioactive materials created during production of nuclear power and nuclear weapons are dealt with.

Radioactive waste contains a mixture of short-lived and long-lived nuclides, as well as non-radioactive nuclides. There was reported s tonnes of high-level nuclear waste stored in the USA in All three are also to be found in the nuclear waste matrix. Numerically, about 5% of the waste elements made from splitting U and Pu have half lives less than one day.

Another 75% of the radioactive elements we find in high level nuclear waste have.

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Get this from a library. High-level nuclear waste issues: hearings before the Subcommittee on Nuclear Regulation of the Committee on Environment and Public Works, United States Senate, One hundredth Congress, first session, April 23 ; June 2, 3, [United States.

Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works. The book concludes with carefully considered recommendations for a new national policy for the storage of hazardous nuclear waste.

Everyone concerned about nuclear waste and how it should be managed at the federal, state, and local levels will find valuable information in this in-depth study of the issues at hand. Civilian spent fuel from nuclear power plants will be the largest source of high-level radioactive waste shipped to the repository.

Under current law, with capacity limited to 70, MTU, DOE has reserved 90% of the repository capacity, or ab MTU, for civilian spent fuel. Reprocessing separates nuclear waste into component materials, including plutonium, which can then be re-used as nuclear reactor fuel—but also as the raw material for a nuclear weapon.

UCS opposes reprocessing because it increases proliferation and terrorism risks while actually adding to the waste problem rather than reducing it. Today, the Department of Energy is taking a critical step toward the development of a consent-based approach to siting future nuclear waste management facilities as part of a strategy for the long-term storage and disposal of spent nuclear fuel.

"This excellent book reviews the never-ending search for a safe, durable solution for storing or disposing of high-level nuclear waste well documented Highly recommended." R. Ferguson, Choice " [a] masterly account by the former Chief of the Office of Groundwater of the US Geological Survey and his : Cambridge University Press.

Fig. 1 — Toxicity of high-level radioactive waste versus time. 8 The ordinate is the number of cancer deaths that would be expected if all the waste prouced by one large nuclear power plan in one year were eaten by people.

The individual curves show the toxicity of the individual radioactive species in the waste (as labeled), and the top black curve shows their sum, the. 8 Feb 18 Three years ago today SA Premier Jay Weatherill announced a Royal Commission into the nuclear industry and a major community campaign against plans for an international high level radioactive waste dump began.

The No Dump Alliance (NDA) has today released a book about this campaign. To view the book, click here. ‘Standing Strong’ covers. About the book IEER Press, pages, paperback (out of print) The management of radioactive wastes, which contain materials that remain hazardous for up to millions of years, is one of the most vexing, contentious and costly environmental issues of our time.

Almost since the inception of the nuclear age, radioactive waste management has [ ]. In countries with no nuclear power programme, this constitutes the main category of radioactive waste, while for countries with a nuclear programme, it represents only per cent of the total volume of radioactive waste.

In countries with nuclear weapons, significant amounts of L/ILW as well as high-level waste are generated by the military. @article{osti_, title = {Social issues and challenges in the disposal of nuclear waste}, author = {Easterling, J B and Redmond, R J and Turner, E}, abstractNote = {This paper discusses equity and the perception of fairness as issues equal in importance to technical validity in the development of high-level waste management programs.

These proceedings capture advances in the state of knowledge in nuclear and waste materials science and technology. In addition, the proceedings addresses the environmental issues associated with ceramic processing.

Included are the status of environmental issues and their solutions, both current and proposed. Yucca Mountain is the site of a proposed high-level nuclear waste repository in Nevada that was halted in The site has always been political, from its.

Book review: Too Hot to Touch: The Problem of High-Level Nuclear Waste, by William M. Alley and Rosemarie Alley (Cambridge University Press, ) Compte rendu de lecture: Too Hot to Touch: The Problem of High-Level Nuclear Waste (Trop Chaud pour Toucher - Le problème des déchets nucléaires haute activité), par William M.

Alley et Rosemarie Author: Leonard F. Konikow. Get this from a library! Too hot to touch: the problem of high-level nuclear waste. [William M Alley; Rosemarie Alley] -- "Today, the issue of waste management is as prominent as reactor safety in the controversies surrounding nuclear power and is particularly topical in the US since the closure of the Yucca.Nuclear materials generate high level waste that is extremely hazardous and capable of harming living organisms and the environment.

While low and intermediate level radioactive wastes are being appropriately disposed, high level radioactive waste is still stored at temporary locations awaiting disposal at permanent facilities.The major effort toward long-term high-level nuclear waste disposal has been in the area of depositing in the ground all the dangerous material in some sort of containers.

This approach seeks to find a permanent disposal technique so the waste can be left for posterity without any possibility of future generations being at risk.